kenyon homestrand alcohol stove

From the stove manual:

“Kenyon Marine-Homestrand stoves have been engineered exclusively for marine use.  The design considerations and the materials used were dictated by the requirements for a reliable, long life and low maintenance stove, operating in a salt atmosphere.

Kenyon International, Inc

PO Box 925

#8 Heritage Park Rd

Clinton, CN 06423


What you should know

stove photos


The kenyon homestrand alcohol stove


source: Kenyon Marine

Operating Instructions

Before attempting to operate stove, please read these instructions carefully and become thoroughly familiar with the various parts of the stove and how they operate.

Theory of Operation

The burners use alcohol vapor for fuel. This gaseous fuel is produced by boiling liquid alcohol in the base of the burner by diverting some of the heat from the flame through the burner body.

In order to start a cold burner, it must first be heated above 180 degrees F in order to produce the required vapor. This is usually done by burning a small amount (about 1/4 oz.) of liquid alcohol in a special priming cup under the base of the burner. As the burner heats up, the liquid alcohol trapped in the burner boils, causing a flame to appear at the burner cap. If the priming cup is too full, the rising temperature also causes the priming alcohol to boil which produces a relatively high flame around the burner before it boils away. These conditions, usually termed "flare-up" are a natural consequence of the priming process and are usually not serious. A little practice will show the correct amount of alcohol necessary to produce the required temperature.

Too much alcohol will produce "flare-up" and too little will not bring the burner to a high enough temperature. A hot burner will produce a hissing sound when turned on. A cold burner will be silent or produce a squirting sound, and liquid alcohol will flow down into the priming cup. After priming, the burner must be lit before it cools off, or re-priming will be necessary.


The burners are designed to use 95% denatured ethyl alcohol, which is commercially available as alcohol stove fuel. Satisfactory operation is also obtained with 91% isopropyl alcohol containing less than .003% by weight non- volatile material. Caution Do not use wood alcohol (methanol), rubbing alcohol, or ethyl alcohol with no-volatile denaturing additives a they will not burn satisfactorily and burners will become clogged.

Operating Components

The (model 206 & 209) Fuel Fill Nipple is located at the rear of the stove. Note that it has a special cap which includes a pressure relief valve which effectively prevents excessive pressure buildup in the tank. This cap must never be replaced by any other type. The Pump is located at the front center of the stove and is used to pressurize the fuel tank. Satisfactory operation of the alcohol burners is obtained with the fuel supplied at a pressure of 8 to 15 psig. An average of 15-20 strokes of the pump are required to obtain sufficient pressure, but this varies depending on the amount of fuel in the tank and more strokes may provide better burner operation.

The burner control wheels are located in the front flange of the stove. The control moved to he extreme right is the "off" position. The extreme left is the "clean" position. In this position the internal mechanism of the burner causes a small wire to be pushed thru the burner nozzel, thereby removing any dirt which may have lodged there. The full "on" position of the control is about half way between the off and clean positions or abut 3 pushes of the control wheel. The burner may be operated at lower heats by moving the control to the right toward close. Cleaning the nozzel is normally performed while the burner is operating. Move the control to the extreme left then back to the center operating position. Be prepared to relight the burner as the cleaning will often extinguish the flame.

Burner Operation

Fill tank approximately 3/4 full with denatured ethyl alcohol using a funnel. Replace cap and tighten snugly.

Pump 15 to 20 times to pressurize tank.

To operate, burners must be preheated. Open the burner by moving the control three pushes to the left. This will allow liquid alcohol to flow from the burner. Close the burner after about three seconds by pushing the control back to the extreme left. About two tbsp. of alcohol will have flowed from the burner and run down into the indentation in the cup at the base of the burner.

With the burner still off, ignite the alcohol in the priming cup.

When the priming alcohol is completely consumed, open the burner control and light the vaporized alcohol at the burner cap.

Caution: FLARE UP may occur during preheating and particlularly if burner valve is opened before preheating is completed, and burner is not hot enough. Follow starting instructions carefully. If flare up occurs, shut off burner , allow flame to go out, then preheat again following instructions above.

Do not put cooking utensils on stove until burners are functioning properly.

When finished cooking, turn off burners and release pressure in tank by loosening filler cap.

Helpfull Hints for Operation and Maintenance of Your Alcohol Stove

  1. To Obtain maximum performance from your new stove it is extremely important that you use a quality grade denatured (ethyl) alcohol free from impurities or 91% iso-propyl alcohol stove fuel (not rubbing alcohol) containing less than .03% by weight non volitile matter.

    The majority of stoves returned to us for burner service are clogged from impure alcohol.

  2. A properly operating burner will have a blue flame, with several rows of little flame tips. There should not be a yellow tip on the flame. The air-fuel ratio of the burner maybe adjusted for ost efficient operation. With burners lit, hold burner flange with a pair of pliers and rotate flange until the yellow flame tip is eliminated.

  3. A Burner operating properly will boil two cups of water in a 2.5 qt (6.5 inch), uncovered saucepan in seven to nine minutes.

  4. If you notice a small flame where the control stem enters the burner, tighten the gland nut slightly until the flame no longer appears. This adjustment may have to be made after a few hours of burner operation, but then should require very little attention.

  5. If the pump bounces back when you try to pump,or if the pump handle is pushed all the way back out after a pump stroke, the check valve at the base of the pump (13B) is defective and should be replaced. Order Part No H-1332.

  6. If you pump, and get little or no pressure in the tank, the pump U-cup needs to be replaced. Order part # H-1233

  7. If the burner lights properly, but goes out after a short time, you did not pump enough or your fillercap leaks.

  8. If no alcohol comes thru the burner when you attempt to prime, you have no pressure in the tank, or a filter cogged by dirty alcohol. The filter seldom clogs but when it does your stove must be sericed by trained personnel.